|Hierapolis theater ruins in background|
|Right side exterior of theater|
Hierapolis was an ancient city in the mountains that was naturally well protected on 3 sides. The remaining side overlooked a fertile valley. It was the perfect location for a city; not high enough altitude to get snow but high enough to provide relief from the notoriously hot summers of this part of the world. Visitors came from the areas now known as Africa, the Middle East, Europe and the Black Sea countries to partake of the healing qualities of the 17 thermal springs in Hierapolis.
|Partially excavated ancient road; probably really an agora judging by the|
columns along either side. There would have been merchant shops
along each side of this city roadway.
Rather than write about this ancient city that we were not particularly interested in, I will provide a couple of links in case any reader wants more information.
Everything you might want to know about Hierapolis: Wikipedia -- Hierapolis Hierapolis tour
|Elisabeth, Zachary and Judy in Cleopatra's Pool|
|Exploring Cleopatra's Pool|
Since then an earthquake destroyed the bathing complex and toppled Ionic columns into the pool, but the natural spring thermal waters continue to supply the naturally formed pool. The damaging earthquake supposedly occurred in 2nd century A.D., but there have been many earthquakes in this region so who knows for certain exactly when all these columns and cornices toppled into the pool. Once source cites 2nd century and another source cites 7th century.
|Maneuvering over toppled columns|
|Warm spring water filling the pool|
The technical specs are that the water in the thermal pool is 36 - 57 degrees Celcius (96.8 to 134.6 degrees Fahrenheit). The pH value is 5.8 and radon value is 1480 pCi/l.
|Gingerly finding our way around broken marble things|
The water contains bicarbonate, sulphate, carbon dioxide, partly with iron and radioactive combination. The water in this spring is suitable for bathing, swimming, showering and drinking cures; and has 2430 MG/liter melt metal value. (Whatever all that means)
It is considered a healing thermal spring.
|Attempting to stand on broken column|
The day we visited the pool temperature felt about 38 Celsius or 100 Farhenheit. The water feels silky on your skin and leaves no residue. After soaking in the pool one feels relaxed.
|And she made it! (briefly)|
|Toppled Ionic column|
|No kids under age 16|
allowed in roped off section
|Excellent photo showing the toppled columns and cornices in the pool. Our tour group was one of the first to|
arrive. The pool very quickly became crowded with tourists.
|Pamukkale pools at top of mountain;|
Pamukkale town and artificial pools at bottom
Next we walked over to the top of the pools of Pamukkale. Technically, I believe that Pamukkale is the town down at the bottom of this small mountain. But the pools at the top are commonly known as Pamukkale.
|Pools near top at Pamukkale|
These are shallow pools formed by deposits of calcium carbonate that naturally occurs in the thermal springs that constantly fill these pools. Down by the town there are several artificial pools that looks just like the real pools at the top.
Bill stayed in the shade on the wooden deck at the top of the mountain while Zachary, Elisabeth and I walked through almost all of the pools.....along with at least a thousand other tourists. Man! Did that place get crowded!
|Looks cold; but it isn't|
The guide explained that some 5-star resorts had been built some time in the past that had diverted water from the natural springs that feed the Pamukkale pools. My limited research indicates that since Pamukkale has been named a UNESCO World Heritage Site that this water is no longer being diverted. The guide disagrees with that and insisted that the water is still being diverted today. As a result of this diversion (and probably also due to natural depletion reasons), the spring-fed waters of Pamukkale will dry up in about 150 years.
|Looks like a wall of ice but is really just calcium|
carbonate deposits over very many years
|We all enjoyed Pamukkale very much|
|Isn't this a special place!|
The pools of Pamukkale will no longer exist in 150 years.
|No shoes allowed when walking on the pool area|
|Zachary at Pamukkale|
|Elisabeth at the fill source to the Pamukkale pools.|
There was a trench to carry the spring water to fill all pools
|Russian tourist near Cleopatra's Pool complex.|
Wonder where she found that swimsuit.
BTW, it is common to talk about the fat American tourists. Believe me, some of the Russian tourists have us beat....hands down!