|Ephesus--Background used to be sea port. Library behind Judy's head.|
|To ward off the mysterious evil eye.|
Manufactured near Ephesus
Recently we took a what seemed like a whirlwind 2-day bus tour of Ephesus and Pamukkale. We had ordered a new bimini and extension to be made in Marmaris (and new interior curtains) and wanted to stay in the Marmaris area awaiting completion of the jobs.
We know better than to leave and expect jobs to be completed when we return.......that rarely goes well. One needs to check in with the shop doing the work every other day to make sure your job gets completed and not shoved aside while someone else's more 'urgent' job takes precedence.
Originally we had planned to sail up to Kusadasi to visit Ephesus and
|This carving didn't fare too well over time|
The bus tour probably cost less than we would have spent on diesel to motor the boat up there against the prevailing wind. And the boat would have been left in a marina while we visited the ancient ruins.....whether in the Kusadasi marina or a Marmaris marina. Frankly, I was surprised that one-day bus tours to either Ephesus or Pamukkale are offered from Marmaris. Both destinations seemed too far for one-day bus trips. I decided to combine the 2 places into one trip since they are both in the same general direction from Marmaris. As it was, we covered 480 miles in 2 days. Glad I wasn't driving that bus.
|Listening intently to guide explain how|
Ephesians identified visitors as true Christian
or fake Christian.
A van picked us up at the entrance to Yat Marin marina promptly at 06:00 one morning. We did not know what to expect. He dropped us off at a round-about and told us to stand by the side of the road and wait for the bus. 10 minutes, according to the van driver. He took my receipt, which worried me because now I had nothing proving that I had paid cash for this little tour. If the bus didn't show up then we had just lost several hundred dollars. 30 minutes later a bus did show up, but that was the Polish language tour bus. Then a Russian language tour bus arrived. Finally the English speaking bus arrived and we were off. We were lucky. There are different levels of comfort on these tour buses and we chanced to get on the Royal Coach which had thicker seats and was more comfortable than the other 2. I know this because I later had occasion to ride in the Polish bus for a side trip.
|Ancient Roman aqueduct near Ephesus|
|Socrates room display at Ephesus museum|
|Steep pedestrian road ends at the library. Notice|
silted in level land in background.
|Too many stone ruins to remember|
I am not going to even attempt to describe the history of Ephesus. The basic highlights are that civilization is known to have existed here as a city 8,000 years ago. That blows my mind to realize that humankind lived in a city that long ago; not a small village or town, but a real city. There have been 6 locations of Ephesus, all situated within the same geographical area; sometimes on 1 side of a mountain and sometimes on another side of the same hilltop. There was a large deep water harbor nestled between the many mountains. As the river flow diverted over the centuries the location of the city would change. The site we visited was the 3rd Ephesus city.
|Hadrian's Gate?? At library headed toward theater.|
Note inscriptions on top section.
The other entrance to the city was a main road on the mountainside that led to a port on that side of the mountain. All of this is completely silted in today; the seaside is about 6 miles farther west than it was during the time this third Ephesus was occupied. This is very obvious when viewed from higher elevations.
|Baths at entry to third Ephesus|
Every visitor to the city was required to enter the baths immediately upon arrival. Entry to the city was forbidden until the bath had been attended to. There were several reasons for this custom. First, to see if the person had any weapons hidden in his clothing. Second, to prevent spread of disease. They did not understand germs yet but they did understand the need for cleanliness. Third, healers were in the baths to surreptitiously inspect the naked bodies of visitors for any sign of illness or disease.
|Thousands of intricate carvings at Ephesus|
A major Temple of Artemis was built in Ephesus. The guide explained several times about how the original religion from Anatolia region north to the Ephesus region was the worship of the mother goddess. The main aspiration of mankind at that time was to procreate; more people meant greater chance of survival; so the worship of a fruitful woman resulted.
The original mother goddess was replaced by Artemis, another form of mother goddess. Artemis was replaced by Virgin Mary as the symbol of mother goddess to people of this region. Frankly, I never considered the Virgin Mary to be a mother goddess, but why not.
The main pedestrian road within the Ephesus drops 60 feet in a fairly short span. So it is a steep road. Several smaller roads lead off this main road; some to residential areas; some to the latrines; and many buildings which I don't remember.
|Ancient symbol for doctors and hospitals|
|Ancient symbol for pharmacy|
If a patient survived his stay at the hospital it was customary to leave a part of his body behind when he left. Patients usually chose to cut off an ear and leave it as a symbol of gratitude. And we think hospital bills are high today!
|Gates of Hercules to keep chariots off the road|
Near the hospital are 2 columns placed on either side of the road. These 2 columns are called the Gate of Hercules, the carved images apparently representing Hercules. These 2 columns effectively narrow the road so that chariots could not pass. These columns insure that the roadway was used only by pedestrians.
|Library of Celsus at Ephesus|
|Library of Celsus|
|More intricate carvings up high|
|Sign at the library|
|A marble floor drainage tile near library|
|Largest theater of ancient world|
Ephesus was also the location of the first known bank in the world. The guide referred to it as the original Bank of Asia, supposedly because it was used to finance much trade into and from Asia.
|Drawing by Elisabeth of the advertising stones|
|Main road to port|
|Elisabeth at Ephesus|
|Zachary at Ephesus|
|A very hot, sunny day at Ephesus|