|Ancient Anemurium from 1/2 mile at sea|
|Anemurium--side of basilica|
(As always, click on any image for larger view.)
Directly at our stern across the dock was S/V Hamamas. We last met Fran and Tom at Rebak Marina in Malaysia. Yet again an illustration of the smallness of our world. They wintered here at Alanya Marina. Our reunion was very short-lived because early the next day they departed for a 3-week sight-seeing trip around Turkey. We arranged a rental car for the next day. We did not come here for the amenities of a marina; we came here so we could back-track 50 miles in a car to see the ancient sites that were visible from our sailboat but inaccessible from the water.
|Mamure Castle as seen from our boat|
|Mamure Castle from sea|
|Dusty mountain road construction|
|Small 2000 yr old homes on hillside at Anemurium|
|Note random large stones turned vertically. This|
greatly increased stability of the thick walls.
|The only other visitors|
|Small home. Niches on each side of doorway would|
have held statues of gods during Roman times.
|Odeon--all was covered in marble back then|
|Cistern (complete) at Anemurium|
After the Phoenicians Anemurium was occupied by a vicious Cilician tribe in 52 A.D. Later, this area came under Greek control; then later under Roman control like most of the Mediterranean countries.
|Note water circle where water pipe|
|Entrance to Odeon--seated 900 persons|
The ruins consist of a few large buildings like the odeon (theater) which seated 900 persons (men, of course; remember, no women allowed in the theaters), and the 2 baths, the nymphaeum, the aqueduct, and a large building right at the water's edge (which looked like a place that might administrate the harbor shipping activities to us).
|Odeon--mosaic floor stage|
There were 2 long sections of the aqueduct visible. We did not climb up there to investigate closer because there were flying insects and we did not want to walk in the high grasses.
|Aqueduct upper right; fortress walls high on hill.|
|With a crown of flowers someone left|
|Pointing to fallen column top and base down by sea|
|Checking out fallen marble from the old buildings|
Anemurium reached its heyday in the 1st to 3rd century A.D. Mosaics dating from this period can be seen in one of the bath houses and the odeon and the basilica. Mosaics are also visible in the floor of the 'harbor' building by the shore. The churches dotting the site were built by the Byzantines. There seems to have been something of an industry here producing mosaics and glassware.
|Marble pieces from buildings fallen down to sea|
In 580 A.D. a large earthquake damaged the aqueduct and many buildings. Toppled marble columns are still seen lying in the sand on the beach. Amazing that these are still visible and not covered by the sands of time (or rising waters of global warming). There were many bases and tops for these columns found lying among the tumbled boulders down to the seaside. Bill managed to work his way down the stones to closely examine a few. (Thank goodness he did not fall and break a bone doing this because there was no one to help get him back up from there.) We could see large sections of marble that obviously had decorated the roof line of buildings all those centuries ago.
|Marble columns fallen down to the sea|
|Marble fallen into the sea|
|Marble column at Anemurium|
This earthquake did not cause the city to be abandoned. The Arab pirates did that. Anemurium was periodically utilized to protect the coast, but not fully inhabited as it had been earlier. Around the 12th century A.D. the nearby Anamur Kalesi (Mamure Castle) was built about we miles eastward on the far side of the bay. The Anemurium site was effectively abandoned for good, ending 2,000 years of habitation.
And Mamure Castle was our next destination. This castle is considered very romantic. It is by far the largest castle found anywhere along the Turkish coastline. There are crenallated walls surrounding the entire castle. It has 39 towers. Part of the original moat is still intact.
|Inside western courtyard Mamure Castle|
|Entrance Mamure Castle|
Mamure was taken by Karamanoglu Mehmet Bey and his troops in 1308 A.D. and alterations began., including the addition of a mosque within the castle walls in the eastern courtyard.
|Moat still in place.|
|Eastern courtyard inside Mamure Castle|
|Western courtyard; high part was where castellan lived|
Bill wasn't interested in climbing around on the slippery worn stone stairs to walk along the tops of the walls. Since I am not known as Miss Grace, I wasn't interested in climbing up there and more than likely falling. So we gave that adventure a miss.
|Top of large SW tower|
|SW corner inside Mamure Castle courtyard|
|Castle construction utilized large boulders already in place|
|View from Mamure Castle. Rose garden was beautiful.|
We are skipping Antalya altogether. Supposedly there is an old Lycian city nearby Antalya called Arycanda that is interesting. And also the nearby old massive city of Termessos (where inhabitants were Pisidian, a fierce society prone to battling who fought off Alexander the Great in 333 B.C. and whom the Romans wisely left to be autonomous as an independent ally in 70 B.C.). And also the nearby Karain cave, the oldest settlement in the entire country of Turkey; thought to have been continuously occupied for 25,000 years. It is not possible to see everything and we are kind of tired of old ruins at this point. Need a few days to again reestablish any interest in old archaeological sites. I think Anemurium was the best anyway.
|Alanya Fortress on top|
|Fortress at Alanya|
|Fortress at Alanya. HUGE complex!|